Knowledge and Understanding of the World

One of the areas of learning in the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) is Knowledge and Understanding of the World (KUW).

This means that children in the EYFS must be provided with the opportunity and encouragement to develop the knowledge, skills and understanding that helps them to make sense of the world. Their learning must be supported through offering opportunities for them to use a range of tools safely; encounter creatures, people, plants and objects in their natural environments and in real-life situations; undertake practical ‘experiments’; and work with a range of materials.

By the end of the EYFS, children should:

  • Investigate objects and materials by using all of their senses as appropriate
  • Find out about, and identify, some features of living things, objects and events they observe.
  • Look closely at similarities, differences, patterns and change
  • Ask questions about why things happen and how things work
  • Build and construct with a wide range of objects, selecting appropriate resources and adapting their work where necessary
  • Select the tools and techniques they need to shape, assemble and join materials they are using
  • Find out about and identify the uses of everyday technology and use information and communication technology and programmable toys to support their learning
  • Find out about past and present events in their own lives, and in those of their families and other people they know
  • Observe, find out about and identify features in the place they live and the natural world
  • Find out about their environment, and talk about those features they like and dislike
  • Begin to know about their own cultures and beliefs and those of other people

Play activities that encourage children to achieve these outcomes include:

  • Role playing people who help us
  • Digging holes and growing things – cress, beans and sunflowers are always good as they are interesting whilst they grow
  • Going for a walk in the local area (see shape walkbear hunt, colour walk and baby animal walk for some ideas)
  • Talking about places in the community and reading books about children’s experiences there – the police and fire station, the doctors surgery or vets, the hospital or airport, the park, library or school
  • Singing songs e.g. Old MacDonald had a farm or play games like Cock-a-doodle-moo! to listen to animal noises
  • Using digital cameras, computers, torches, walkie talkies and other technology
  • Making maps of the local area
  • Looking at shadows (can you manage to run away from yours? can you make shadow shapes?)
  • Exploring senses – using feely bags, musical instruments / sound blocks, smelly bottles
  • Celebrating different festivals
  • Mixing coloured paints together to see what happens
  • Talking about the weather and look at what you wear in different weather conditions
  • Junk modelling
  • Using real tools and equipment in construction activities
  • Building dens / camps / tents and other transient structures
  • Looking at books / playing with resources which explain different cultures, beliefs, gender and disability
  • Star gazing
  • Experiencing road and water safety ideas through puzzles, games and discussions
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2 Responses to Knowledge and Understanding of the World

  1. Pingback: People who Help Us Puppets | Littlesheep Learning

  2. Pingback: EYFS: Understanding the World | Littlesheep Learning

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